Targeted therapy is a revolutionary form of cancer treatment that aims to specifically identify and eradicate cancer cells with minimal impacts to healthy cells. Drugs that fall under the category of targeted therapy include signal transduction inhibitors, angiogenesis inhibitors, immune checkpoint inhibitors, hormone therapies and more. In addition, cancer vaccines and gene therapy may be categorized as targeted therapy since they impact the growth of specifically identified cancer cells. Some such medications are delivered as pills that can be taken orally, but others need to be provided via an IV or injections. Targeted drug therapies have been approved by the FDA for use in patients diagnosed with a wide variety of conditions including but not limited to: basal cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma of the stomach, leukemia, Kaposi sarcoma, lymphoma, melanoma, multiple myeloma, neuroblastoma, soft tissue sarcoma and cancers of the brain, breast, cervix, colon and rectum, head and neck, kidney, liver, lung, pancreas, prostate and thyroid.