While diabetes and high blood pressure are primary causes of chronic kidney disease in adults, children typically develop the condition as a result of an inherited disease or birth defect, an infection, trauma, urinary blockage or systemic disorder. This condition is characterized by damage that gradually interferes with the kidneys’ ability to appropriately filter waste products and water from the blood, and develops over a period of months or even years. Importantly, it will not reverse itself and is often progressive in nature. The disease is classified as being in one of five stages, with Stage 5 indicating a complete or nearly complete loss of kidney function. Treatments for chronic kidney disease may include blood pressure medication, dietary adjustments, hormone treatments for anemia and growth issues, and regular blood pressure monitoring.