Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy is a genetic form of epilepsy that typically begins in late childhood (usually around the onset of puberty) and continues into early adulthood. Seizures typically occur in the early morning hours upon waking up, and are characterized by abrupt jerking movements of the limbs. Two very common factors that contribute to the onset of these seizures are sleep deprivation and stress. Most cases of juvenile myoclonic epilepsy are successfully treated with short-term and long-term medications. If patients do not respond well to medication, then surgery may be the best option to reduce the frequency and severity of seizures.